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The Nationalist Movement Party (also translated as ‘Nationalist Action Party’) (Turkish: Milliyetci Hareket Partisi, MHP), is a far-right political party in Turkey.
In the July 22, 2007 legislative elections, the party won 14.3% of the national vote with 71 seats in parliament. In the previous elections on November 3, 2002 the party gained no seats as it had won only 8.3% of the national vote.
In 1965, Alparslan Turkes gained control of the conservative-rural Republican Villager Nation Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyetci Koylu Millet Partisi, CKMP). In 8–9 February 1969, Extraordinary Great Congress at Adana he changed the name of the party to Nationalist Movement Party.
The party embraced Turkish nationalism, imbued with a mythology that suggests all Turks share a common ancestry. Under the leadership of Alparslan Turkes militias connected to the party were responsible for assassinating many left-leaning people during the 1970s. The leader of the party’s youth wing, the Grey Wolves, boasted that they had an intelligence organization superior to the state’s.
When the Turkish army seized power on September 12, 1980 by a coup led by Kenan Evren, the party was banned along with all other active political parties at the time, and many of its leading members were imprisoned. Many prominent members joined neo-liberal Anavatan Partisi or various Islamist currents. A party member (Agah Oktay Guner) wryly noted that the party’s ideology was in power while its members were in prison.
The party later was refounded in 1983 as the Conservative Party (Turkish: Muhafazakar Parti). After in 1985, the name was changed to the Nationalist Task Party (Turkish: Milliyetci Cal?sma Partisi) and back again to its former name in 1992.[non-primary source needed] In 1993, Muhsin Yaz?c?oglu and five other deputies separated and founded the Great Union Party, which is an ultra nationalist and Islamist one.
Election dateParty leaderNumber of votes receivedPercentage of votesNumber of deputies^ http://www.mhp.org.tr/kitaplar/mhp_parti_tuzugu_2009_opt.pdf^ Turkish far right on the rise, by Justin Huggler, The Independent, 20 April 1999^ Turkey and the EU. Will they Split before they Marry?, The Spiegel Online International, 10.03.2005^ Elections Turkey’s Vote analysis and results with Turkish Daily News[dead link]^ Desmond Fernandes and Iskender Ozden (Spring 2001). “United States and NATO inspired ‘psychological warfare operations’ against the ‘Kurdish communist threat’ in Turkey”. Variant 2 (12): 10–16. http://www.variant.randomstate.org/pdfs/issue12/Fernandes.pdf. %5Bdead link]^ Deger, M. Emin (1978) (in Turkish). CIA, Kontrgerilla ve Turkiye. Ankara: Kendi Yay?n?. p. 119. “MHP lideri Turkes, Ulku Ocaklar?n? mesru mudafaa yapt?g?n? soyler. Ulku Ocaklar? Genel Baskan? da, ‘bizim istihbarat orgutumuz devletin orgutunden gucludur’ demektedir.” Quoted in “Susurluk’ta butun yollar, devlete ugrayarak CIA’ya c?kar” (in Turkish). Kurtulus Yolu 4 (39). 2008-09-19. http://kurtulusyolu.org/gazete/tam_goster.php?fid=273. Retrieved 2008-11-04. ^ http://www.mhp.org.tr/mhp_tarihce.php^ http://www.mhp.org.tr/mhp_tarihce.php^ http://www.belgenet.net/ayrinti.php?yil_id=12^ http://www.belgenet.net/ayrinti.php?yil_id=13^ http://www.belgenet.net/ayrinti.php?yil_id=14^ http://www.belgenet.net/ayrinti.php?yil_id=15Baskan, Filiz (January 2006). “Globalization and Nationalism: The Nationalist Action Party of Turkey”. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 12 (1): 83–105. doi:10.1080/13537110500503877.